From the White House:
This deal ensures IAEA access when needed, where needed to verify the peaceful nature of Iran’s nuclear program. “Anytime, anywhere” inspections are simply unnecessary thanks to the deal.
Under this deal, Iran will allow robust monitoring of all its nuclear facilities. IAEA inspectors have the right to a physical or technical presence in all of Iran’s nuclear sites and will conduct regular monitoring of Iran’s entire nuclear fuel cycle and supply chain, from uranium mines and mills to centrifuge production, assembly, and storage facilities. This means Iran would need to set up an entirely parallel set of facilities and a separate supply chain if it sought to have a covert nuclear weapons program. This kind of program would be extremely difficult to hide under this deal. Standard practice under the Additional Protocol, which Iran will implement under this deal, is that the IAEA can request access to any suspicious location with 24 hours’ notice. This deal does not change that baseline.
But there are situations in which the IAEA and a State might negotiate the terms of access before the IAEA actually goes on site, and for that reason, the JCPOA sets an outer limit for those discussions. Even in the circumstance that it took up to 24 days for IAEA access to a suspicious location in the event of a dispute, radioactive evidence would almost certainly still be present in many of the core facilities Iran would need for a covert nuclear weapons program. In other words, Iran would not be able to cover its tracks before granting access, and the United States would be watching, so we would know if Iran tried to do so.
Rep. Vicky Hartzler @RepHartzler
Great turnout tonight in Harrisonville to discuss the Iran Nuclear Deal. [….] 5:18 PM – 14 Aug 2015
Yesterday evening Representative Vicky Hartzler (r) held an open town hall at the community center in Harrisonville, Missouri on the Iran nuclear deal. There were approximately seventy individuals in attendance.
Representative Hartzler (r) is opposed to the deal.
Representative Vicky Hartzler (r): [….]
….of course I’m a very big supporter of Israel. I believe we’ve been blessed as a nation because we have been a blessing, uh, to Israel. And if we ever stop being a blessing or support of Israel I think it’s gonna hurt our country. just the right thing to do….
….As you probably heard after the deal was announced there was rallies in the streets in Iran and you had people burning American flags as well as Israel flags and chanting, death to America, death to Israel. And President [Hassan] Rouhani even went to the rally and participated in that. At the same time that, uh, the other world leaders are going back, saying, yeah, this is a good deal. So, gives me pause, I know that….
….So, here’s concerns with the agreement and here’s why I do, uh, not support this agreement. And it is because of these things here.
First of all, it falls short of the anytime anywhere inspections. Uh, Secretary [of State John] Kerry and others said at the beginning that we will have these inspections. Any time you want we’ll be able to go in there and check it out. That is not the case. We now know it’ll take up to twenty-four days to be able to get permission, uh, to be able to get into a site that isn’t listed currently on their list of declared sites. So that’s concerning. And, even if they do agree to all of this within the first ten years, uh, they may not have a nuclear bomb capability if, you know, this all is followed exactly to the letter, uh, and there are no secret, uh, plans going on. But at the end of ten years or even eight years they will have all the, uh, capability they need. They’ll have the centrifuges again, they can take out those thirteen thousand centrifuges that are in storage, they can once again, uh, start ’em up. They will have done research that we will have helped them finance and helped them with the technical ability on the more advanced centrifuges so that they can very quickly, uh, bring up to speed and enrich uranium….
From the White House:
The Uranium pathways at Natanz and Fordow
Iran would need two key elements to construct a uranium bomb: tens of thousands of centrifuges and enough highly enriched uranium to produce enough material to construct a uranium bomb.
There are currently two uranium enrichment facilities in the country: the Natanz facility and the Fordow facility.
Let’s take a look at Iran’s uranium stockpile first. Currently, Iran has a uranium stockpile to create 8 to ten nuclear bombs.
But thanks to this nuclear deal, Iran must reduce its stockpile of uranium by 98%, and will keep its level of uranium enrichment at 3.67% – significantly below the enrichment level needed to create a bomb.
Iran also needs tens of thousands of centrifuges to create highly enriched uranium for a bomb. Right now, Iran has nearly 20,000 centrifuges between their Natanz and Fordow facilities. But under this deal, Iran must reduce its centrifuges to 6,104 for the next ten years. No enrichment will be allowed at the Fordow facility at all, and the only centrifuges Iran will be allowed to use are their oldest and least efficient models.
At the end of her presentation Representative Hartzler (r) answered written questions on the deal from those in attendance which had been submitted when they entered the meeting room.