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Through over two hundred years of American history:

MARBURY v. MADISON, 5 U.S. 137 (1803)


….It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is. Those who apply the rule to particular cases, must of necessity expound and interpret that rule. If two laws conflict with each other, the courts must decide on the operation of each. [5 U.S. 137, 178]   So if a law be in opposition to the constitution: if both the law and the constitution apply to a particular case, so that the court must either decide that case conformably to the law, disregarding the constitution; or conformably to the constitution, disregarding the law: the court must determine which of these conflicting rules governs the case. This is of the very essence of judicial duty….


Representative Vicky Hartzler (r) today, via Twitter:

Rep. Vicky Hartzler @RepHartzler

#Marriage should be determined by the states, not the Supreme Court. #Stand4Marriage [….] 12:34 PM – 28 Apr 2015

Some of the responses:

Fake Vicky Hartzler ‏@VickiHartzler Apr 28

@RepHartzler So, now you’re in favor of allowing states to grant same-sex marriages? Congratulations on evolving! 1:25 PM – 28 Apr 2015


Fake Vicky Hartzler ‏@VickiHartzler Apr 28

@RepHartzler Re: the gavel about to destroy the ring, are you aware that if gays can marry, your marriage will still be legal? 1:27 PM – 28 Apr 2015

John Schultz ‏@theknobboy Apr 28

@RepHartzler So courts overturning laws prohibiting mixed race marriages were in the wrong? 2:36 PM – 28 Apr 2015

The unanswered question.

B Yates ‏@OldDrum

@RepHartzler You believe the Court’s ruling in Loving v. Va is wrong? So the validity of Clarence Thomas’s marriage should be a state matter 7:04 PM – 28 Apr 2015

PUDCAST245 ‏@pudcast245

@RepHartzler Marriage is a Fundamental right of all citizens. Civil rights should not be slave to the popular vote. #marriagequality 12:47 PM – 29 Apr 2015

Welcome to America.